Chronology"/> India's Rebirth | <i><span lang="EN-GB"><font face="Arial" color="black" size="5">Chronology</font><o:p></o:p></span></i>| Marathi stories | Hindi Stories | Gujarati Stories

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Chronology

 

Chronology

1872, Aug. 15����� - Sri Aurobindo is born in Calcutta; he spends his first years at Rangpur (now in Bangladesh), and at the age of 5 is sent to Loreto Convent School, Darjeeling.

1878, Feb. 21����� - Mother is born in Paris.

1879, June��������� - Sri Aurobindo leaves India for England with his parents and his two elder brothers. He spends 5 years in Manchester, enters St. Paul's School, London, in 1884, and King's College, Cambridge, in 1890.

1885, Dec.���������� - First session of the Indian National Congress at Bombay.

1886, Aug. 16����� - Sri Ramakrishna passes away.

1892, August������ - Sri Aurobindo passes the I.C.S.; he does not appear at a riding test and is disqualified.

1893, Feb. 6������� - Lands at Bombay and soon joins the State service of the Maharaja Gaekwar of Baroda. From August, 1893 to March, 1894, contributes to the Indu Prakash a series of articles, �New Lamps for Old.�

1893, May 31����� - Swami Vivekananda sails for America.

1894, April 8������� - Bankim Chandra Chatterji passes away. In July-August, Sri Aurobindo writes a series of articles on him in the Indu Prakash.

1897������������������� - Sri Aurobindo teaches French, then English at the Baroda College; he will become its Vice-Principal in 1905.

1897, Jan. 15����� - Swami Vivekananda lands at Colombo, and on his way north delivers many lectures throughout India.

c. 1900��������������� - Sri Aurobindo takes first contacts with secret societies in Maharashtra and Bengal.

1901, April 30����� - Sri Aurobindo marries Mrinalini Bose.

1902, July 4�������� - Swami Vivekananda passes away.

1905������������������� - Sri Aurobindo writes Bhawani Mandir, a revolutionary pamphlet.

��������������������������� - Partition of Bengal, beginning of the Swadeshi movement.

1906, August������ - Bepin Chandra Pal launches the Bande Mataram (English daily); Sri Aurobindo joins it and soon becomes its editor.

��������������������������� - On August 15, the Bengal National College opens with Sri Aurobindo as its principal.

1906, Dec.���������� - At its Calcutta session presided over by Dadabhai Naoroji, the Congress declares Swaraj to be its goal.

1907, Aug. 16����� - Sri Aurobindo is arrested for the publication of seditious writings in the Bande Mataram; released on bail. He resigns his post of principal of the Bengal National College, giving on August 23 a speech to the students and teachers. Acquitted a month later.

1907, Dec.���������� - At the Surat session of the Congress, the Nationalist party with Sri Aurobindo presiding over its conference breaks away from the Moderates.

��������������������������� - First session of the Muslim League at Karachi.

1908, January���� - In Baroda, Sri Aurobindo meets Vishnu Bhaskar Lele, a Maharashtrian yogi, and experiences the Brahman consciousness. Gives many speeches on his way back to Calcutta.

1907-1908���������� - Many Nationalist leaders, such as Lala Lajpat Rai, Tilak, Ashwini Kumar Dutt, etc., are deported under various repressive laws. The Nationalist movement goes underground.

1908, May 2������� - Sri Aurobindo is arrested in the Alipore Bomb Case; spends a year in jail and is acquitted on May 6, 1909.

1909������������������� - The Morley-Minto reforms provide separate electorates for Indian Muslims.

1909, May 30����� - Sri Aurobindo's famous Uttarpara speech.

1909, June 19���� - First issue of the Karmayogin (English weekly).

1909, Aug. 23����� - First issue of the Dharma (Bengali weekly).

1910, February��� - Sri Aurobindo abruptly leaves Calcutta for Chandernagore; on March 31, he will leave for Pondicherry.

1910, April 4������� - Sri Aurobindo reaches Pondicherry.

��������������������������� - Charged with sedition for an article in the Karmayogin (the charge will be rejected in November).

1914, March 29�� - First meeting with Mother.

1914, June��������� - Tilak is released from a six-year-long deportation to Burma.

1914, Aug. 15����� - First issue of the Arya (English monthly), which will appear until January, 1921.

1916, Dec.���������� - �Lucknow Pact� between the Congress and the Muslim League.

1919-1920���������� - Beginning of the Khilafat and non-cooperation movements under the growing leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.

1920������������������� - Sri Aurobindo turns down several offers to return to British India and to active politics.

1920, April 24����� - Mother returns to Pondicherry from Japan.

1920, Aug. 1������� - Lokmanya Tilak passes away.

1920, October���� - Dr. B. S. Munje pays a visit to Sri Aurobindo.

1920, Dec.���������� - Nagpur session of the Congress; the goal of Swaraj is eclipsed by the Khilafat agitation.

1923, June 5������ - Chittaranjan Das meets Sri Aurobindo.

1923, Sept.��������� - Creation of the Swarajya Party.

1925, Jan. 5������� - Lala Lajpat Rai and Purushottamdas Tandon meet Sri Aurobindo.

1925, June 16���� - Deshbandu Chittaranjan Das passes away.

1926, Nov. 24����� - Sri Aurobindo withdraws completely to concentrate on his work.

1928, Feb. 16����� - Rabindranath Tagore meets Sri Aurobindo.

1928, Nov. 17����� - Lala Lajpat Rai passes away a few weeks after having been assaulted by the police during a demonstration at Lahore.

1929, Dec.���������� - The Lahore session of the Congress, presided over by Jawaharlal Nehru, adopts the goal of complete independence.

1930-1932���������� - Three Round Table Conferences with, in August 1932, the Communal Award which hardens divisions between Hindus and Muslims. Savage repression of the Civil Disobedience Movement by the British rulers.

1937������������������� - Formation of Congress ministries in the Provinces.

1938, Nov. 24����� - Sri Aurobindo breaks his leg while walking in concentration.

1939, Sept.��������� - World War II breaks out; the Provincial ministries resign in October-November.

1940, March������� - The Muslim League, in session at Lahore, formally demands the creation of Pakistan.

1940, Sept. 19���� - Sri Aurobindo's declaration in support of the Allies.

1941, March������� - Subhas Bose, having escaped from detention in Calcutta, arrives in Germany.

1941, Aug. 7������� - Rabindranath Tagore passes away.

1942, March 31�� - Sri Aurobindo publicly supports Cripps' proposals; the Congress turns them down.

1942, April���������� - The Japanese overrun Burma and bomb cities on India's east coast.

1942, Aug. 9������� - Start of the �Quit India� movement; Mahatma Gandhi and other leaders are arrested soon afterwards.

1944, July����������� - Subhas Bose's Indian National Army and the Japanese are repulsed in Manipur.

1946, Aug. 16����� - The Muslim League launches its �Direct Action� plan; bloody riots follow in Bengal and Bihar.

1946, Sept. 2������ - Formation of the Interim Government, which the Muslim League joins a month later.

1947, March 24�� - Lord Mountbatten is the new Viceroy.

1947, June��������� - On the 3rd, Mountbatten announces the British government's final decision to grant India independence on the basis of partition; on the 14th, the Congress accepts the partition of India and the creation of Pakistan.

1947, Aug. 15����� - India's Independence; Sri Aurobindo's 75th birthday.

1947, October���� - Pakistan attacks Kashmir; the Indian army repels Pakistani troops, but Nehru calls a halt to the fighting and takes the dispute to the United Nations.

1948, Jan. 30����� - Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated.

1950, October���� - China invades Tibet; India remains a silent spectator.

1950, Dec. 5������� - Sri Aurobindo leaves his body. Mother continues his work.