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6 Introduction: About Courtesans

THIS Part VI, about courtesans, was prepared by Vatsyayana from a treatise on the subject that was written by Dattaka, for the women of Pataliputra (the modern Patna), some two thousand years ago. Dattaka's work does not appear to be extant now, but this abridgement of it is very clever, and quite equal to any of the productions of Emile Zola, and other writers of the realistic school of today.

Although a great deal has been written on the subject of the courtesan, nowhere will be found a better description of her, of her belongings, of her ideas, and of the working of her mind, than is contained in the following pages.

The details of the domestic and social life of the early Hindoos would not be complete without mention of the courtesan, and Part VI is entirely devoted to this subject. The Hindoos have ever had the good sense to recognise courtesans as a part and portion of human society, and so long as they behaved themselves with decency and propriety they were regarded with a certain respect. Anyhow, they have never been treated in the East with that brutality and contempt so common in the West, while their education has always been of a superior kind to that bestowed upon the rest of womankind in Oriental countries.

In the earlier days the well-educated Hindoo dancing girl and courtesan doubtless resembled the Hetera of the Greeks, and, being educated and amusing, were far more acceptable as companions than the generality of the married or unmarried women of that period. At all times and in all countries, there has ever been a little rivalry between the chaste and the unchaste. But while some women are born courtesans, and follow the instincts of their nature in every class of society, it has been truly said by some authors that every woman has got an inkling of the profession in her nature, and does her best, as a general rule, to make herself agreeable to the male sex.

The subtlety of women, their wonderful perceptive powers, their knowledge, and their intuitive appreciation of men and things are all shown in the following pages, which may be looked upon as a concentrated essence that has been since worked up into detail by many writers in every quarter of the globe.

Kama Sutra Of Vatsayana

Vātsyāyana
Chapters
Kama Sutra
Part I
1.1: Preface
1.2 : On the acquisition of Dharma, Artha and Kama
1.3 : On the Arts and Sciences to be studied
1.4 : The Life of a Citizen
1.5 : About the kinds of women resorted to by the citizens, and of friends and messengers
Part II
2.1: Kinds of sexual union according to dimensions, force of desire or passion, time
2.2 : of the Embrace
2.3 : On Kissing
2.4 : On Pressing, or Marking, or Scratching with the Nails
2.5: On Biting, and the means to be employed with regard to women of different countries
2.6 : On the different ways of lying down, and various kinds of congress
2.7 : Of the various modes of striking, and of the sounds appropriate to them
2.8 : About Women acting the part of a Man; and the work of a Man
2.9: Of the Auparishtaka or Mouth Congress
2.10: How to begin and end the congress, Kinds of congress & Love Quarrels
Part III
3.1: On Marriage
3.2 : For creating confidence in the girl
3.3 : Of Courtship and the showing feelings by outwards signs and deeds
3.4 : Things to do for winning partner
3.5 : On certain forms of marriage
Part IV
4.1: On the manner of living of a virtuous woman, and of her behaviour during the absence of her husband
4.2: On the conduct among wives of a husband; Conduct of a re-married virgin woman; Of a wife disliked by her husband; Of the women in the king's Harem; And on conduct of husband towards many wives.
5.1: Of the characteristics of men and women. The reasons why women reject the addresses of men. About men who have success with women, and about women who are easily gained over
5.2: About making acquaintance with the woman, and of the efforts to gain her over
5.3: Examination of the state of a woman's mind
5.4: About the business of a Go-Between
5.5: About the love of persons in authority for the wives of other men
5.6: About the women of the royal harem; and of the keeping of ones own wife
Part VI
6 Introduction: About Courtesans
6.1: Of the causes of Courtesan resorting to men
6.2: Of living like a wife
6.3: Of the means of geting money, of the signs of the change in lover's feelings, and of the way to get rid of him
6.4: About reunion with former lover
6.5: Of different kinds of gain
6.6: Of gains and losses; Different kinds of courtesans etc.
Part VII
7.1: On personal adornment; On subjugating the hearts of others; And on tonic medicines
7.2: Of the ways of exciting desire; experiments and recipes
Conclusive Remarks on Kama Sutra